REGHID survey in Central America training sessions
The REGHID project, which is led by the University of Southampton in collaboration with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), have conducted a 7-day training session (from 23rd to 31st May) to facilitate the implementation of a survey in Honduras (San Pedro Sula) and El Salvador (San Salvador). The aim of the survey is to collect information from women as they return to their home countries via reception centres. Some of these women are forcibly returned from the USA or Mexico via deportation centres. The interviews with women will take place in three reception centres in Honduras (La Lima, Omoa y Centro familiar Belén) and one reception centre in El Salvador (GAMI) .
The survey is about women’s health during their migratory journey, focusing specifically on their sexual and reproductive health experiences. The barriers to gaining care, and the sources of information about healthcare during the migratory journey are a focus. Specific modules in the survey are on: pregnancy and childbirth during migration, menstruation, access to health services in general, discrimination, and access to contraception. A further module focused on the experiences of the women during their time in migration shelters (casas del migrante) and during their deportation from the host countries in order to understand if there are issues with sexual and reproductive health in these parts of their migratory journey.
The training was conducted jointly with UNFPA-Honduras (subcluster of gender) by Ámbar Assaf, who developed the ways that interviewers should respond to issues about gender-based violence, including who to refer women to for support for any issues that are raised (in case of social protection, health needs, legal advice, psycho-social support and other needs). Psycho-emotional support for the returned migrant women was also included in the training by the program (IRM-IOM) Tatiana Ortiz-OIM/El Salvador so that the interviewers are able to provide support during the interviews to ensure the chances of revictimization are reduced. Liz Ramos, Project Assistant-IOM/Honduras was also part of training sessions, explaining IOM ethical protocols and guidelines for interviewers in the fieldwork [reception centres].